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Migrantes en Chile: La dificultad de vivir en un país que a nadie garantiza derechos sociales

05 de Julio de 2013 -

Chile Ajeno del 4 de julio de 2013

¿Tienen derechos las personas migrantes?, fue la pregunta con que se abrió una nueva emisión del programa Chile Ajeno, espacio que semana a semana pone en pauta las temáticas y sueños de quienes desde lejanos lugares han llegado a vivir al país. En esta ocasión con la conducción de Wilson Charry, y con la participación de Daniela Jordán, Manuel Hidalgo, Eleonora Benicheli, Carolina Alarcón y Mario Quintanilla.

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Migración y los “antecedentes” de Bachelet y Longueira

El invitado Manuel Hidalgo pertenece a la Asociación de Inmigrantes por la unión Latinoamericana (APILA), y fue quien comentó el lugar que ocupan los temas migratorios dentro del actual contexto electoral. Luego de la realización de las primarias presidenciales se refirió a los antecedentes con que las candidaturas de Bachelet y Longueira se han posicionado a lo largo del tiempo sobre las necesidades de las miles de personas que desde otros países han llegado a vivir a Chile.

Hidalgo sostuvo Michelle Bachelet no se ha pronunciado dentro de la actual campaña, pero tiene como antecedente de lo que fue un proyecto de ley que envió al Congreso durante su gobierno (2006-2013).

En esa normativa se establecían “las bases de lo que podría ser una ley de política migratoria explícita, con principios declarados, dos de los cuales echamos mucho de menos. El primero se llamaba ‘Chile país de Acogida’ y claramente ha sido dejado de lado, y el otro fijaba como principio de la política migratoria que su desarrollo tendría que hacerse  dentro de un tratamiento de relaciones internacionales, ambos principios fueron dejados de lado en el actual proyecto enviado por Sebastián Piñera”, declaró.

Por su parte “Longueira como sabemos tuvo esta expresión pésima en Arica, en la que se refirió a que si él fuese presidente restringiría mucho más el ingreso de migrantes al país, sobre la base de la presunción de que desplazan a la mano de obra local y eventualmente hace uso de beneficios de derechos sociales e implican un gasto al país”, agregó.

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Migración una cuestión de Derechos Humanos

En tanto la abogada boliviana Daniela Jordán, responsable de apoyo legal de Ciudadano Global, recordó que los derechos de los migrantes son en realidad parte de los derechos humanos.

“Es un problema a nivel mundial que muchas personas no conocen los derechos humanos que son intransferibles y propios de cada persona”.

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“Si bien aquí hay buena medicina no hay buen acceso a ella. Sólo en casos de emergencia están obligados a atender a los migrantes sin cobertura, pero la salud de todos los migrantes niños hasta los 18 años, aunque no sea de emergencia están obligados a atenderla”.

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Al hacer referencia a los derechos, Manuel Hidalgo mencionó como una de las principales trabas la propia Constitución chilena, puesto que en ella prácticamente no se garantizan los derechos sociales sino las libertades económicas.

“La Constitución chilena no garantiza ni para la propia población chilena los derechos económicos sociales y culturales”.

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"Consulta Legal"

En la segunda mitad del programa se respondieron dudas y preguntas, en la que se mencionó que sólo en Chile existe la figura del “hijo de extranjero en tránsito”, que les niega la nacionalidad por derecho de suelo a los hijos de padres en situación irregular.

Finalmente se invitó a las comunidades de residentes y a la sociedad en general a asistir al Festival de Cine Migrante que se realizará en Santiago del 1 al 7 de agosto en la Cineteca Nacional, en Matucana 100, y en el Museo de la Memoria.

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